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Abstract

An introduction to Diabetes

Author(s): A.K Wilson

Diabetes mellitus is derived from the Greek words diabetes, which means "to pass through," and mellitus, which means "sweet." According to historical evidence, Apollonius of Memphis coined the name "diabetes" approximately 250 to 300 BC. The sweet flavour of urine in this ailment was discovered by ancient Greek, Indian, and Egyptian civilizations, and hence the term Diabetes Mellitus was coined. The involvement of the pancreas in the pathophysiology of diabetes was discovered by Mering and Minkowski in 1889. At the University of Toronto in 1922, Banting, Best, and Collip isolated the hormone insulin from the pancreas of cows, resulting in the availability of an efficient diabetic medication in 1922. Exceptional work has been done over the years, and many discoveries, as well as management solutions, have been developed to address this expanding problem. Unfortunately, diabetes remains one of the most common chronic diseases in the United States and around the world. It is still the seventh greatest cause of mortality in the United States.


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