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Abstract

Pregnancy induced hypertension and associated factors among pregnant women in Madda Walabu University Goba referral hospital, Southeast Ethiopia

Author(s): Tilahun Ermeko Wanamo*, Abate Lette Wodera, Diriba Debaba

Background: A Hypertensive disorder during pregnancy poses a huge challenge worldwide. More specifically, developing countries like Ethiopia had double burden of pregnancy induced hypertension. The aim of the study was assessed of prevalence pregnancy induced hypertension and associated factors among pregnant mothers in Madda Walabu University Goba Referral Hospital, Southeast Ethiopia, 2019.

Methods: A hospital based descriptive of document review study was conducted on pregnant mothers with the diagnosis of pregnancy induced hypertension in MWU GRH from March 26 to April 15, 2019. Data was collected from client’ document record by using a prepared checklist. The data was entered in to Epi-data version 3.1 and analyzed using SPSS version 24. In addition to, descriptive statistics was applied for describing data and multivariate logistic regression was used to identify associated factors. It was entered in to Epi-data and analyzed using SPSS. In addition, of descriptive statistics for describing data and multivariate logistic regression analyses was used to identify associated factors.

Results: One hundred fifty three documents of pregnant mothers were included for this study. The odds of pregnancy induced hypertension increases by 3 folds as age increases (AOR=3.56, 95% CI: 1.4, 8.8). Likewise, the type of pregnancy increases the odds of hypertension (AOR=3.8, 95% CI: 1.6, 8.9). Past medical history of pregnancy induced hypertension is more likely than those who do not have medical history (AOR=3.4, 95% CI: 6.5-9.6).

Conclusions: Among mothers visited to GRH majority of them were diagnosed to severe type of preeclampsia. Furthermore, this study reveals that age, past medical history and types of hypertension were the predictors of hypertension. Therefore, health facilities should early identify, diagnose, and treat the burden of pregnancy induced hypertension based on national guidelines.


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