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Severe Hydrocarbon Pneumonitis, a Fatal Complication of Petroleum Aspiration: A Case Report

Author(s): Neema Francis, Phalguni Sai Preethi Asapu, Mansoor Husain, and Thiagarajan Jaiganesh

This case report outlines a complex and unfortunate clinical scenario involving a patient who ingested a substantial amount of petroleum, leading to Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), chemical pneumonitis, and subsequent complications. Despite rigorous interventions, including mechanical ventilation, antibiotic therapy, and procedural measures, the patient's condition progressively worsened, culminating in a fatal outcome. This report highlights the intricate challenges faced while managing such cases and underscores the significance of early recognition, aggressive treatment, and multidisciplinary care in enhancing patient outcomes.